up smoking, and
cursing. There was
to let my food be
me, too.” —Kathie Schwarz
mal, were driven to do so out of frustration with finding
solutions to their own health issues.
“I had to figure it out myself,” says Kathie Schwarz,
whose bakery, Gluten Free Gloriously, in Stirling, has
a sign in the window reading, “Peace of Mind Baked
For many years, peace of mind concerning food was
exactly what Schwarz lacked. “Shortly after having my
first child, at 32, I started having a lot of muscle pain,” she relates.
“During my second pregnancy, food would run right through me.
The doctor’s answer was, ‘Stop eating.’ I switched doctors.” After
the second birth, her muscle pain became muscle weakness and
her gastric troubles worsened. She was test- (Continued on page 59)
Kathy Wagner, co-owner of Great and
Gluten Free, has a
policy at her market
with untreated celiac include osteoporosis, infertility, miscarriage and arthritis.
Worse still, untreated celiac can lead
to type 1 diabetes, intestinal lymphoma
and bowel cancer.
“The mortality risk for those with
celiac disease is 50 to 70 percent greater
than that of the general population,
because there is an increased risk for
other auto-immune conditions and ma-
lignancy, especially non-Hodgkins lym-
phoma,” says Dr. Peter Green, director
of the Celiac Disease Center at Columbia
University Medical Center in Manhat-
tan. “I know that some people who
don’t have celiac disease feel better on a
gluten-free diet. But I also know that so
many people with celiac disease, which
could kill them, are not diagnosed and
therefore are not on a gluten-free diet.
It’s a bit ironical.”
While the causes of the disease are
not fully understood, it is clear that both
genetic and environmental factors are
involved. All people with celiac possess
one of two genes—known as DQ2 and
DQ8—that belong to a family of genes
called human leukocyte antigens, or
HLAs. Yet those genes aren’t enough.
About 30 to 40 percent of all Americans
have DQ2 or DQ8, but only about 2 to
3 percent of them will get celiac. Why?
One possibility being investigated is that
other non-HLA genes could be involved.